I bought a house in Vermont last year. Vermont has a state property transfer tax (https://tax.vermont.gov/property/ptt), the amount was listed on the HUD-1 (line 1205) correctly, but the title company sent the check for that amount to the town instead of the state.
It was applied to my town property taxes, but I later had to play the transfer tax and a penalty of several hundred dollars for late payment.
What’s the best way to pursue compensation for this? The title company? A title insurance claim? Is there some industry association/regulator?